The Queensland Fire and Emergency Services (QFES) is the primary provider of fire and emergency services in Queensland. The department was established on 1 November 2013 under the Public Service Act 2008 (Public Service Departmental Arrangements Notice (No. 8) 2013) to improve the coordination and planning of emergency services, adopting an 'all hazards' approach to emergency management.. QFES is the primary provider of fire and rescue and emergency management programs and services throughout Queensland. The department encompasses the Fire and Rescue Service (FRS), disaster management services, Rural Fire Service (RFS) and State Emergency Service (SES). QFES protects persons, property and the environment through the provision of effective prevention, preparedness, response and recovery (PPRR) activities across a range of fire and emergency events including natural and human-induced disasters. RFS and SES are the primary volunteer services of the department. The community-based RFS operates in rural, semi-rural and some urban fringe areas. SES is a community-based, not-for-profit, volunteer emergency service enabled by both state and local governments and sponsor partnerships.